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Scarlet Macaw

Range: Mexico, Central America, and northern South America

Habitat: Rain forests, forests along rivers, and grasslands with trees

Length: Up to 32 inches long, including their tail feathers

Diet: Fruit, nuts, seeds, flowers, insects, and snails

They are listed as least concern, but their numbers are declining due to loss of habitat and the exotic pet trade.
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Squirrel Monkey

Range: Central and South America

Habitat: Tropical rainforests, tropical deciduous forests, cultivated areas

Body Length: 10 - 14 inches

Tail Length: About 16 inches

Weight: 1 - 3 pounds

Diet: Fruits, nuts, insects, spiders, young birds, and bird eggs

They suffer from habitat loss and capture for the pet trade and medical research.
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Spider Monkey

Range: Coastal forests of Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America

Habitat: Lowland rain and mountain forests

Body Length: 15 - 27 inches

Tail Length: 23 - 29 inches

Body Length: 12 - 15 pounds

Diet: Mainly fruits, vegetables, flowers, leaves, and nuts

Island near the train station:

Male: Bailey (b. May 3, 2006)

Female: Honey (b. June 10, 2006)

Island near the waterfall:

Male: Gorilla (b. 1982)

Female: Zevin (b. 1998)

Zevin is Bailey's mom.

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Black-necked Swan

Range: Falkland Islands and Southern South America, including areas of Brazil, Bolivia and Patagonia

Habitat: Swamps, brackish lagoons, shallow lakes, freshwater marshes

Height: 40 - 55 inches

Weight: 8 - 15 pounds

Diet: Pond weeds and algae, insects, small invertebrates and fish spawn

Stable. Habitat loss, including draining of many marsh and wetland areas, is the largest threat to this species.
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Brown-nosed Coati

Nasua nasua

Range: Arizona, south to Argentina

Habitat: Mainly wooded areas

Length: 13 - 27 in

Weight: 5 - 18 lbs.

Diet: Insects, fruit and other plant material, lizards, rodents, small birds and eggs

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Golden Lion Tamarin

Range: Brazil

Habitat: Swamp forest

Head and Body Length: 11 inches

Tail Length: 13 inches

Weight: 1 - 1.5 pounds

Diet: Fruits, insects, and small lizards

Only about 1,500 golden lion tamarins remain in the wild.
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Chilean Flamingo

Phoenicopterus chilensis

Range: South America, from Chile to Argentina

Habitat: Tropical and warm climates; inhabit coastal mudflats, estuaries, lagoons, and salt-lakes. Live at elevations of up to 15,000 feet above sea level

Height: 31 - 57 inches

Weight: 4.2 - 6.6 lbs

Wingspan: 55 - 65 inches

Diet: Includes algae, diatoms, aquatic invertebrates such as crustaceans and mollusks

Humans are the main threat to Chilean flamingos - habitat loss and degradation, harvesting, and human disturbance.
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Galapagos Tortoise

Range: Galapagos Islands, off the coast of Ecuador (South America)

Habitat: Volcanic islands, from semiarid lowlands to moist uplands

Length: Males up to 6 feet from head to tail

Weight: Up to 600 pounds

Diet: Cactus and grasses

These giant tortoise were nearly wiped out by sailors who killed them for food. Laws are now in place to protect this species.

Today, the greatest threats to the tortoises come from introduced nonnative species to the islands, such as rats, dogs, and cats, which eat tortoise eggs and young tortoises. Also goats and cattle compete with them for available food.

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Coscoroba Swan

Coscoroba coscoroba

Range: Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, southern Paraguay and southern Brazil

Habitat: Lagoons and swamps (shallow areas of fresh water with sufficient vegetation for cover)

Length: 35 – 45 in

Weight: Male 8.4 - 11.9 lbs; Female 7 - 10 lbs

Wingspan: 17 - 19 in

Diet: Plant material, aquatic insects, small fish and crustaceans

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Scarlet Ibis

Range: Northern South America from Venezuela to Brazil

Habitat: Fresh and salt water estuaries, marshes, swamps, lakes and streams

Height: 30 inches

Wingspan: 38 inches

Diet: Crustaceans, insects, frogs, fish

While not threatened at this time, the species faces challenges from hunting, loss of foraging, nesting and feeding grounds, and heavy pollution.
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Roseate Spoonbill

Range: Southern United States, West Indies, Mexico, and Central to South America

Habitat: Freshwater and saltwater wetlands

Height: About 28 inches

Wingspan: 4.3 feet

Diet: Small fish, shrimp, crustaceans, mollusks, and other small aquatic animals

The spoonbill was nearly wiped out in the early 1900’s by plume hunters who used the feathers for ladies hats. Through legal protection the species has slowly recovered.
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Crested Screamer

Range: Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina

Habitat: Marshes, wet savannas, swamps, open lowlands and forest lagoons

Body Length: 2 - 3 feet

Wingspan: Around 5.5 feet

Weight: 4 - 11 pounds

Diet: Leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots of aquatic plants

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Blue-fronted Amazon

Range: Northeast Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay

Habitat: Rainforests and jungles

Height: 12 - 14 inches

Diet: Leaves, flowers, insects, fruits, seeds

Currently not threatened, but declining in the wild due to destruction of their habitat and capture for the pet trade.
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Yellow-collared Macaw

Range: Central and South America

Habitat: Subtropical rain forests, open woodlands and river edges

Length: 15 inches (includes tail)

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Yellow-headed Amazon

Range: Mexico, Central, and South America

Habitat: Open woodlands, forests, and tropical zones

Height: 14 - 16 inches

Weight: 1 - 1.5 pounds

Diet: Seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, blossoms, and leaf buds

They suffer from habitat loss and hunting (persecuted for damaging crops and captured for the illegal pet trade).
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Green-cheeked Amazon

Range: Mexico

Habitat: Lush areas in arid lowlands and foothills, especially gallery forest, deciduous woodland and dry, open pine-oak woodland

Body Length: 13 inches

Weight: 10 ounces

Diet: Pine seeds, maize, berries, beans, flowers and acorns

It is massively exploited for the pet trade and much of its habitat has been cleared for agricultural land.
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Linne's Two-toed Sloth

Choloepus didactylus

Range: Areas east of the Andes in Columbia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Ecuador, Peru and northern Brazil

Habitat: Tropical forest tree canopies

Length: 24 - 30 inches

Weight: 12 - 20 lbs

Diet: Leaves, shoots, fruits

There are currently no major threats to these sloths. They are not commonly hunted because they are usually found high in the canopy, motionless and virtually invisible.
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Jaguar

Range: Mexico, Central and South America

Habitat: Rainforests, swamps, grasslands, scrublands, and lowland semi-deciduous forests. They require water nearby.

Body Length: 4 feet

Weight: 100 - 250 pounds

Diet: Includes peccaries, tapirs, monkeys, capybaras, crocodiles, and fish

Since 1900, jaguars have disappeared from over 50% of their range due to persecution by livestock ranchers, degradation of habitat, and human hunting of the jaguar's prey.

In many countries, jaguars are protected, but enforcement is difficult and jaguar skins are still sold on the black market.

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Golden-handed Tamarin

Range: Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana, ans Suriname in South America

Habitat: Tropical forests, edges, and swamps; open high canpoy preferred

Body Length: 8 - 11 inches

Weight: 15 - 20 ounces

Diet: Fruit, seeds, insects, small vertebrates, and birds' eggs

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Sun Conure

Range: NE South America including French Guiana, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and NE Brazil.

Habitat: Open forest, savanna and palm groves.

Length: 12 inches from head to tip of tail

Diet: Seeds, flowers, buds, and fruits

Due to high demand in the pet trade this once common species has declined dramatically during the last twenty years.
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Capybara

Range: Central and South America

Habitat: Dense vegetation surrounding lakes, rivers, swamps, marshes, and ponds

Height: 2 feet tall at shoulder

Weight: 80 - 150 pounds

Diet: Mainly grasses and aquatic plants

Capybara populations are considered stable through much of their range, but hunting in some areas has reduced their numbers.
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Agouti

Range: South America

Habitat: Forests

Length: 16 - 25 inches long

Weight: 2 - 9 pounds

Diet: Fallen fruits, nuts, and vegetation

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Patagonian Cavy

Dolichotis patagonum

Range: Central and southern Argentina

Habitat: Arid grasslands and brushlands

Length: Up to 3 feet

Height: Up to 2 feet

Weight: Up to 25 lbs

Diet: Grasses and herbs

Although it is widespread, its populations are declining due to loss of habitat, competition with large introduced herbivores and hunting, probably at a rate close to 30% over ten years.
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Brazilian Tapir

Range: South America

Habitat:Wooded, grassy habitats and jungles

Length: Up to 6.5 feet

Weight: 330 - 550 pounds

Diet: Grasses, leaves, buds, soft twigs, fruits of low growing shrubs, aquatic vegetation and shoots

Male: J.J.

Female: P.J. (b. May 19, 1994)

J.J. and P.J. love the water and spend most of their time in their pool. The pair has had three babies together.

They will be located next to the lowland anoa for the duration of construction in the South American area. When completed, the two will have a new exhibit in the Land of the Jaguar exhibit.

The main threats to the species include loss of habitat through deforestation, hunting for meat and competition with domestic livestock.
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Ocellated Turkey

Meleagris ocellata

Range: Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, & Guatemala

Habitat: Tropical deciduous and lowland evergreen forests

Size: 3 - 4 ft

Female Weight: 6 - 8 lbs.

Male Weight: 11 - 12 lbs.

Diet: Insects, seeds and fruit

This species is heavily hunted for food and trade. It also faces threats from habitat loss due to clear-cutting and conversion to farmland.

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Ocelot

Leopardus pardalis

Range: Mexico to northern Argentina; remnant population in southwest U.S.

Habitat: Forest, savanna, wetlands and scrubland

Body Length: 26 - 40 in

Tail Length: 12 - 18 in

Weight: 24 - 35 lbs

Diet: Rodents, rabbits, young deer, birds, snakes and fish

Ocelots face threats from habitat loss and fragmentation and the fur and pet trades.

In the U.S., ocelots once ranged from Arizona to Louisiana. Now, less than 100 ocelots are estimated to remain in Texas. Ocelots are considered endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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Giant Anteater

Myrmecophaga tridactyla

Range: Southern Belize to northern Argentina

Habitat: Grassland savannas, swamps, humid forests, and woodlands

Length: 5 - 7 ft (nose to tail)

Weight: 40 - 100 lbs

Diet: Mainly ants, termites, and their eggs; will also eat ripe fruit

Giant anteaters are disappearing due to the exotic pet trade, habitat destruction, and hunting for food and as pests.

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American Crocodile

Range: Southern Florida, southern Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America

Habitat: Fresh or brackish water of river estuaries, coastal lagoons, and mangrove swamps

Male Avg. Size: 13 ft, 840 lbs

Female Avg. Size: 10 ft, 380 lbs

Diet: Primarily fish; also crustaceans, turtles, birds and mammals

American crocodiles face threats from habitat loss and hunting.

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Broad-snouted Caiman

Range: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay

Habitat: Mangroves, marshes and swamps

Length: Averages 6.5 ft; Can reach up to 10 ft

Diet: Insects and crustaceans when small; water snails, fish, mammals, and birds as it grows

Habitat destruction is currently the greatest threat to this species. It was exploited for its hide, which yields a high-grade leather, especially in the middle 20th century.

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Green Anaconda

Range: Tropical South America

Habitat: Rivers, streams, lakes, swamps, and marshes

Length: Averages 10 - 15 feet

Weight: Averages 110 - 165 pounds

Diet: Will eat almost anything they can manage to overpower, including fish, birds, mammals and reptiles.

NOT EVALUATED
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Brazilian Rainbow Boa

Epicrates cenchria

Range: Amazon Basin; coastal Guiana, French Guyana, Suriname, and southern Venezuela

Habitat: Humid woodland forests; sometimes found in open savannas

Length: 4 - 6 feet

Diet: Birds (and their eggs), small mammals, lizards, and frogs

NOT EVALUATED

Considered common in much of their range. They face threats from habitat destruction and human encroachment.

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Emerald Tree Boa

Corallus caninus

Range: Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, and Brazil

Habitat: Wet lowland rainforests

Length: Averages 4 - 6 feet; can reach up to 10 feet

Diet: Mainly rodents; also lizards, monkeys and bats

NOT EVALUATED

Population is stable, but faces threats from habitat loss.

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Bush Dog

Speothos venaticus

Range: Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, and Brazil

Habitat: Neotropical forests and wet savannahs, usually near water

Height: 10 – 12 in

Weight: 11 – 17 lbs

Diet: Small vertebrates, sometimes fruit

Bush dogs are threatened by habitat loss, human encroachment, reduction of available prey, and diseases contracted from domestic dogs.

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Tayra

Range: Southern Mexico to Argentina

Habitat: Tropical forests

Length: 2.9 to 3.8 feet

Weight: 9 - 13 pounds

Diet: Birds, small mammals, and fruits

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Black Howler Monkey

Alouatta caraya

Range: Eastern Bolivia, southern Brazil and Paraguay, and northern Argentina

Habitat: Prefer tall, aged forests; occupy the middle and upper canopies of the trees

Body Length: 15 - 28 in

Tail Length:20 - 30 in

Weight: 12 - 20 lbs

Diet: Canopy leaves, fruits such as figs and plums, buds, flowers and sometimes nuts

Faces threats from habitat loss due to agricultural development.

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Maned Wolf

Range: Central and southeastern Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, and northern Argentina

Habitat: Open forest, savanna, and marshland

Height: About 3 feet at shoulder

Weight: About 50 pounds

Diet: Small mammals, insects, reptiles, birds, bird eggs, fruits, and vegetation

Habitat destruction is the main threat to maned wolves.
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King Vulture

Range: Southern Mexico to northern Argentina

Habitat: Tropical forests

Length: 2.5 feet

Wingspan: 5 - 6 feet

Weight: 6 to 10 pounds

Diet: Carrion (dead or decaying animal matter)

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Andean Condor

Range: Andes Mountains in South America

Habitat: Open grasslands, lowland deserts, and coastal areas

Height: 3.2 to 4.2 feet

Male Weight: 24 - 33 pounds

Female Weight: 17 - 24 pounds

Wingspan: Up to 10 feet

Diet: Carrion (dead animals)

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Andean (Spectacled) Bear

Range: Western Venezuela south to Bolivia

Habitat: In the Andes and outlying mountain ranges; forests, grasslands, and scrublands

Size: 5.5 - 6.5 feet

Male Weight: 220 - 386 lbs

Female Weight: 132 - 176 lbs

Diet: Fruits & bromeliads; berries, grasses, bulbs, cactus flowers, insects, and small animals such as rodents, rabbits, and birds

These bears face threats due to habitat loss and fragmentation as a result of conversion to farmland, mining, and deforestation for lumber.

They are killed by humans who believe they are a threat to crops and livestock.

Wild populations are unknown.

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Blue and Gold Macaw

Range: Mexico, Central America and northern South America

Habitat: Rainforests

Length: Up to 3 feet from head to tip of tail

Wingspan: 41 - 45 inches

Weight: 2 - 2.5 pounds

Diet: Fruits, vegetable matter, seeds, nuts, leaves and bark. They also eat clay on exposed riverbank clay licks as a mineral supplement.

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Military Macaw

Range: Mexico and South America

Habitat: Arid woodlands, forested areas, and tropical rainforests

Length: 27 - 29 inches (tip of the beak to the end of the tail)

Diet: Seeds, figs and other fruits, nuts, berries and other vegetable material

Threated dut to due to deforestation and capture for the pet trade.
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White-faced Whistling Duck

Range: Costa Rica southwards to northern Argentina and Uruguay. Also found in Africa.

Habitat: Prefers freshwater in open areas

Length: 17 - 19 inches

Weigh: 1 - 2 pounds

Diet: Vegetation (such as grass, seeds and rice) and aquatic invertebrates

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Red Shoveler

Range: Southern half of South America

Habitat: Shallow lakes and pools with dense reed beds, marshes and lagoons

Length: 18 - 22.4 inches

Weight: 1 - 1.5 pounds

Diet: Herbs, grasses, pond weeds, wigeon grass, eelgrass, and algae

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Cotton-headed Tamarin

Range: Colombia (South America)

Habitat: Forests

Body Length: Up to 8 inches

Tail Length: 10 - 11 inches

Weight: 0.5 - 2 pounds

Diet: Insects, small vertebrates, fruit, and other plant material

The cotton-headed tamarin population is decreasing due to habitat loss and the illegal pet trade.
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Hawk-headed Parrot

Deroptyus accipitrinus

Range: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Habitat: Humid forests, savannas, woodlands

Height: 13.6 in

Weight: 6.6 - 9.7 oz

Diet: Includes fruit, seeds, buds, nectar, and pollen; occasionally feeds on insects or other meat

Because they are more solitary, they are harder for the pet trade to capture.
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Land of the Jaguar