Panthera tigris jacksoni
Males average 9 feet in length from head to tail and weigh about 400 lbs.; females are smaller at 8 feet long and 250 lbs.
Classified as a separate subspecies from the Indochinese tiger in 2004, the Malayan tiger is found only in the southern Malay Peninsula within the broadleaf forests of Malaysia and Thailand.
Remote forests in hilly to mountainous terrain
Wild - Wild pigs, wild deer, and wild cattle
Zoo - Feline diet (primarily ground horsemeat)
Reddish-ochre color with short narrow stripes; smaller than Bengal and Siberian tigers; black dots seen among stripes
- Generally solitary and extremely territorial.
- A tiger can see in the dark 6 times better than humans.
- One of the only cats that like water; good swimmers.
Typically mate in spring and summer; female bares 2-4 young. Young are nursed for 5 or 6 months; can leave the den when two months old; can hunt alone at 11 months.
The wild population of the Malayan tiger is unknown, but it is estimated at around 500 individuals. CITES App. I; all tiger species are extremely ENDANGERED with some on the brink of extinction. Threats include poaching, illegal trading, habitat and prey loss, and conflict with humans.
Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, Vol. 12, Mammals III, Dr. Bernhard Grzimek
**International Species Information System as of 30 September 2000
6 subspecies of tiger remain: Bengal, Siberian, South China, Sumatran, Indochinese, and Malayan. 3 other subspecies (Bali, Javan, and Caspian) are already extinct.