Bobcat
Lynx rufus

CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Carnivora
FAMILY: Felidae

SIZE:
Length 28 - 49 inches; weight about 17 lbs.

RANGE:
Entire United States (except corn belt of Midwest)

HABITAT:
Rocky terrain; dense underbrush; wooded areas

DIET:

  • Wild - Rabbits, squirrels, mice, deer, birds, reptiles, and insects
  • Zoo - Prepared zoo diet for felines (raw horsemeat)
ADAPTATIONS:
  • Keen binocular vision to judge distance
  • Retractable claws and furred feet. All native cats have tendency to place hind feet in tracks of front feet for a silent approach
  • Nocturnal; will range up to 20 miles to hunt at night
  • Hunts by crouching and pouncing
  • Tufts on ears act as and antenna to aid hearing
  • Short tail with white underneath, when raised it is a "follow me" for young kittens
  • Solitary -- together only when breeding

FACTS:
Life span of 9 years in the wild and 15 years in zoos

YOUNG:
Usually 3 born in den in ledge, log, or underbrush

STATUS:
CITES App. II; the native bobcat species is not endangered although the Mexican subspecies is.