Up to 53 inches in length
North America; statewide except for coastal and marsh areas
Usually found in wooded areas and occasionally in moderately large numbers. Found in lowland as well as hill country.
Wild - Mostly frogs; mice, birds
Zoo - Mice
- A moderately long, heavy-bodied tan snake with a pattern of broad reddish brown crossbands.
- Belly light brown marked with darker brown blotches; narrow dark line from the eye to the angle of the jaw.
- A deep pit in the side of the head between the eyes and the nostril; anal plate undivided.
Well camouflaged, can swim; vibrates tail against dead leaves imitating the rattle of a rattlesnake. Note: Copperhead responsible for more bites than any other venomous snake in eastern North America, but its venom is the least potent.
Young born live between September and October, sometimes as early as mid-August; young range in number from 5 - 10.
Young born with a lime green tail used to attract prey.
Copperheads and cottonmouths are in the same genus.
"The Amphibians and Reptiles of Louisiana," Harold A. Dundee and Douglas A. Rossman